Table 1. Table of species used in study and associations with human diseases based on previous literature. Arrows pointing up or down denote positive or negative associations, respectively
SpeciesAssociation(s)
Prevotella copri (PC)Inflammatory and autoimmune disease (↑) (Scher et al, 2013), autism (↓) (Kang et al, 2013)
Bacteroides vulgatus (BV)Ulcerative colitis (↑) (Bamba et al, 1995)
Bacteroides uniformis (BU)Metabolic/immunological dysfunction (↓) (Gauffin Cano et al, 2012)
Bacteroides ovatus (BO)Type I diabetes (↑) (Giongo et al, 2011)
Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron (BT)Ulcerative colitis (↑)(Bloom et al, 2011)
Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (FP)Crohn's disease (↓) (Watterlot et al, 2008), inflammatory bowel disease (↓) (Segain et al, 2000), Celiac disease (↓) (De Palma et al, 2010)
Blautia hydrogenotrophica (BH)Healthy human colon (↑) (Nava et al, 2012)
Eubacterium rectale (ER)Type II diabetes (↑) (Larsen et al, 2010)
Collinsella aerofaciens (CA)Colon cancer (↓) (Moore & Moore, 1995), rheumatoid arthritis (↑) (Chen et al, 2016)
Eggerthella lenta (EL)Cardiac drug transformations (↑) (Haiser et al, 2013), Crohn's disease (↑) (Thota et al, 2011), rheumatoid arthritis (↑) (Chen et al, 2016)
Desulfovibrio piger (DP)Regressive autism (↑) (Finegold et al, 2012)
Clostridium hiranonis (CH)None reported